August 1, 2016

What drivers do you use?

One of the questions we are most often asked is "what drivers do you use?" We get this question most often from DIYers. We understand why people are asking. It's one of the first questions a DIY enthusiast will ask to gain a feeling for the quality of the speaker. It's a short cut to making a comparison to other products on the market.

There are many problems with trying to evaluate a product in this way. Here are some

1. False sense of security

Using drivers that are DIY favourites does not guarantee a good result. There are many poor or average implementations of very good drivers. We've experienced many. We've had customers come to us with speakers that should perform much better. They use very high quality drivers but it's very easy to overlook the importance of crossover design.

2. Undiscovered gems

There are many undiscovered gems. Many DIYers are uneasy about heading into unfamiliar territory. This is why most head onto the forums and watch what others are building. The decision to go ahead comes after a lot of reading.

Yet there are many drivers unknown to DIYers with very good performance. Many are actually better than the drivers that get rave reviews. Generally, this isn't realised because comparisons aren't made very often. And when a comparison is made, it may only apply to the specific implementation.

3. OEM drivers are not available to DIYers

Some drivers can only be purchased in commercial quantities. These may carry the branding of the loudspeaker manufacturer or they may not. The drivers may be modified in some way to make them suit the application. It could be a superficial change like a different coloured woofer cone. It could be a modification to the TS parameters to make it better fit a particular design. In some cases, the change is so significant that it effectively becomes a new and unique driver. It may share the same basket or cone but be radically different in the areas critical to performance.

In a DIY project, it often pays to play it safe. You don't want to buy some unknown driver and find out it's a dud. However, when we put a product onto the market, we always test it first. The easy way is to go with something familiar but often we are looking for something more. So we take a risk and try unfamiliar drivers and very often if you are smart about it, this can be very worthwhile.

And then again, sometimes you hit a dead end. Earlier this year we did some experiments with some new mids for PSE-144. We were hoping to find some midrange drivers for a signature edition. Unfortunately none of the drivers we tested were even able to match our current driver.

Most of the drivers we use are OEM. When it comes to woofers are top models use Acoustic Elegance drivers.

July 14, 2016

DIY point source horn pre order

We've had a good response to the concept, so we've now moved on to start developing our DIY point source horn kit. Here is our initial concept sketch:

The horn is 500mm wide and has a 60 x 60 degree beam width. Kit will include an integral stand along with an assembly jig that will make it easy to glue the panels.

June 1, 2016

EOI: DIY point source horn kit

The last time we talked about offering a point source horn kit, it turned into something quite spectacular. It attracted a crowd and this launched PSE-144:

 We realise some people like to roll up their sleeves and build something. We also realise, not everyone has the budget for a statement horn with Ferarri curves.  

Now we're again considering launching a DIY kit. This kit would be offered on a pre-order basis, including flat pack, mid drivers and an option for a passive crossover. Please keep in mind some details of the offer are likely to change as we progress. 

We've not yet set a price, but we believe it will sit in a range that most can afford.

If you'd like to jump on board, please contact us to express your interest. We do require a certain number of adopters to make the project feasible. The price gets better when the group gets bigger. 

April 7, 2016

Introducing AV10 and AV12

We're now launching AV series. This is a range of speakers designed with serious home theatre in mind. Shown here is AV10 on the left and AV12R on the right. These will shortly be installed in "the red room" ready for audition. 

AV series concept

AV series represents smart design with serious home theatre enthusiasts in mind. All models are intended to be able to reach THX reference levels even with modstly powered AV receivers. In fact, even our smallest speaker in the range can be expected to exceed the capability of nearly all other speakers on the market even where they are given the advantage of a very high powered amplifier. 

Design brief

We've designed AV series to offer:
  • exceptional value
  • extreme output capability
  • vocal clarity
  • neutral and accurate sound
  • consistency across a considerable listening area
  • superior dispersion control


AV series is offered as DIY kits or fully finished. Kits include:

  • DIY Flat pack 
  • Drivers
  • Terminals, screws, hardware
  • Pre built handle made passive crossovers (active versions available by request)
Finished versions come with a choice of finish:
  • Sprayed satin 2 pack finish
  • Sprayed piano gloss black
  • Selected veneers in satin or gloss finish
  • Custom finishes available also
Photo above shows kits that have been assembled with textured black finish. This is not the finish that we provide with the finished version but demonstrates the finish that is easiest to achieve. This finish is quite accessible to the average handy man with no special tools.

March 18, 2016

DIY remote speaker switch box


How do you switch between different sets of speakers without getting out of your seat and unplugging? And why do you need it?

Why is it needed?

 For most there is no burning reason for a speaker switch box. In our case, we needed a solution to switch between speakers. We are installing two speakers from our AV range inside a bass trap. There will be no way to access the terminals and we need to switch between two models chosen for demos. 

How it works

The switch device is based on relays and a remote controlled board. This means being able to switch remotely. Unlike typical products on the market, the relays are rated to 10A.

A 12V plug pack powers the board and we are going to use 4 pole speakon connectors. A single 4 pole cable can be installed for a pair of speakers.

The board with four 10A relays:

Our MDF box soon to be sanded and painted:

The board does come in its own box but it didn't really allow enough space for decent cables, so we made a bigger box to allow some space and provide for speakon connectors. We like speakons for their ease of use. Once wired correctly, there is no way to mess up polarity afterwards.

February 20, 2016

Air tools vs electrical tools


Have you ever considered using air tools? Most DIYers only use mains powered tools and if you don't have a compressor then it's probably a good idea to stick to them. However, if you already have a compressor, this is something you might consider.

Now, of course every workshop should have a power drill, jigsaw and a cordless driver. But when it comes to these:

 You might think about some air tools.

Why air tools?

My interest in air tools began with a conversation with a factory worker who uses air tools a great deal. He was talking about some of the more expensive sanders and polishers like Festool. Outch - those are expensive! Yet in his opinion, in terms of professional heavy duty use, he describes them all as crap. 

The beauty of air tools is that they don't require an electric motor and they are inexpensive for their robustness, reliability and quality.  

Reliability and bang for buck are very good. 


The downsides are fairly obvious. They aren't mobile. You need the compressor, mains power and a hose. You probably don't want to take air tools on the roof.

When your compressor breaks down, all your air tools are useless. 

Reliability, robustness and value come into play with some tools more than others. My orbital sander and a rotary tool both get very hot with extended use. Often I've had to stop working when the tool gets very hot.

The Ozito has a great range of attachments. The air tool version is similar in price but it can handle more extended use.

What air does best

Very handy in the workshop is a simple blower:

Quickly and easily removes dust or sawdust. I use it all the time. You want to be careful you don't blow dust into your eyes. Once you have one it may surprise you how often it's useful.

Handy assembly and fixing

This stapler and brad nail gun are also very handy. If you want to temporarily hold an MDF brace in place, the brad gun is handy. MDF tends to split when you screw into it, but you won't have that problem with a brad. The stapler is handy for temporary attachment of rubber sheets to the inner walls of a speaker box, whilst the glue sets. I use this often in prototypes.

The Ryobi orbital sander shown above is another tool that is not very heavy duty. The air version costs about the same, but it doesn't overheat quickly.

 If you are a serious DIY enthusiast and you find one reason why you MUST have an air tool, you will quickly discover there are many more tools that will also work with your compressor.

February 14, 2016

30 Hz horn sub continues

Exposed edges of the formply are painted with Duratex and pilot holes are pre drilled. Chamfer bit to recess the heads:

This is the end panel near the mouth. Thickened on the far end. A little strip of MDF is also added where the internal divider meets the end. This ensures the divider will remain in the correct position.

 End panel attached to the sides. A little newspaper catches any glue ooze.

Next the other end panel is attached. Screws here clamp the panels together as the glue sets, however, clamping is used (not shown) and some care is needed to ensure the panels don't move. Tightening up the clamps and screwing both cause the panels to move. The trick is to adjust as you go, screwing the panels in with a clamp in place.

 The bottom panel comes next.

 Bottom panel now on:

Internal divider:

This is screwed in on the end near the mouth, and clamped on the other. The final side follows.

The braces are attached after all four sides. The taper allows them to slide in. If the angles are correct, this will work with ease. 

Notice how opposing sides are clamped? The panels can have a bow in them and this can create problems with the bracing. At this point, you have to ensure the width is correct so that when the last side goes on, these panels have not bulged out, especially when the bracing pieces have been done.

Completed box now standing:


Here you can see the raw unfiltered response and the response with DSP (crossover filters and 2 PEQ).

As expected we see ringing above the passband, common with all "small" low tuned bass horns. Subjectively it sounds quite tight and clean in the 30 - 80 Hz range with test tones. Yes - you can actually gain a basic appreciation quickly of the sound of a sub from test tones. 

This sub is 450 x 450 x 1800mm.

February 11, 2016

20 Hz home theatre horn sub

This sub is a custom design for one of our home theatre clients. The project commenced with a bass assessment where we tested for the best sub positions. In our analysis, we determined that two subs, one in each corner, would work best for the intended listening positions. As all seats were in one row, we didn't have to deal with row variation. This meant that two subs could achieve an exceptional result.

This client already had a sub with the Dayton Classic 12" sub driver. We determined that it would work well in a horn sub design. We used two per box but the client only had to buy 3. Using two drivers per box provides the option to reduce vibration with a dual-opposed design or to reduce distortion and improve linearity with one driver inverted. We chose the push pull configuration as we considered that the linearity aspect would be more important in this case.

Service offered

We offered a design service, delivering dimensioned plans only. The client then had sheets cut by a cabinet maker and built the sub from scratch.

Baffle cut outs with a DIY router jig:

This is an efficient folded design. Drivers can be installed via a hatch and the mouth fires into the corner. 

More build photos to come ...

30 Hz horn sub

Construction commences for a single fold 30 Hz horn sub using the Eminice Definimax 12" driver.

Testing out the circle jig on the new Triton 2.4kw Router. It works well.

Bridges are left at 3 points so that the centre cutout doesn't fall through when routing.

Build continues in part 2